60 Interesting Facts About the Falcon & Bird

60 Interesting Facts About the Falcon & Bird

60 Interesting Facts About the Falcon & BirdEagle Facts The falcon is known all over the world as a living symbol of power, freedom, and superiority. It is a large-sized bird of prey, which is a member of the Accipitridae bird family. 

Falcons are often informally divided into four groups:

  1. Sea eagles or fish eagles – The main diet of these eagles is fish.
  2. Booted eagles – They are given this name because their wings extend towards the bottom of the feet and cover the toes.
  3. Snake Eagles (Snake or serpent eagles) – Snake eagles hunt reptiles.
  4. Harpy eagles or giant forest eagles – These are the largest falcons that live in tropical forests.
  5. There are more than 60 different species of falcon found in the world.
  6. Most species of the hawk are found in Eurasia and Africa. There are only 14 species outside this region – 2 in North America, 9 in Central and South America, and 3 in Australia.
  7. The lifespan of a falcon is between 14 and 35 years, depending on the species.
  8. Falcons vary in length, weight, and size according to the environment. The wingspan of the falcon living in the wild area is less. At the same time, the wings of falcons living in plains and open areas are more.
  9. The adult male falcon weighs about 4.1 kg (9 lb).
  10. The smallest species of the falcon is the South Nicobar serpent eagle (Spilornis klossi), weighing 450 g (0.99 lb) and 40 cm (16 in) in length.
  11. The Philippine eagle (Pithecophaga jefferyi) is considered the largest species of falcon in the world in terms of length and wingspan. Steller’s sea eagle and harpy eagle are considered to be the largest species in terms of weight and size.
  12. The world’s heaviest hawk is the Steller’s sea eagle. It weighs about 9 kg (20 lb).
  13. The female of all known species of the falcon is larger in size than the male. Male bald eagles weigh 25% less than females. One reason for this difference, according to scientists, maybe that male and female falcons divide nesting duties. The female takes the lead in arranging the material for the nest. Being larger in size can help them handle this task. In addition, they spend a longer time incubating eggs than male falcons, so their larger size may be helpful in deterring egg thieves.
  14. Bald eagle got this name because the part of its head is white and the rest part is brown.
  15. Falcons are diurnal. This means that they are most active during the day and sleep at night.
  16. Falcons are usually found singly or in pairs. However, they are also seen in groups in extremely cold climates or when there is ample availability of food.
  17. Falcon’s eyes are bigger in weight than their brain.
  18. In a way, hawks can even see with their eyes closed. Their eyelids have a membrane. They can close this membrane to protect their eyes, while their main eyelids remain open. This membrane also helps to keep their eyes moist and clean.
  19. Falcon’s vision is 4 to 8 times sharper than that of a human. In addition, their field of vision is also wider. The hawk can track the hare from a distance of 3.2 kilometers (2 mi). The eagle weighs only 4.5 kg (10 lb), but its eyes are about the size of human eyes.
  20. The eagle has the ability to see ultraviolet light.
  21. The hawk cannot move its eyes very much. But like an owl, it can turn its head up to 270 degrees. The eyelids of falcons protect their eyes from dust and dirt.
  22. A hawk’s beak can regrow after breaking like a human’s hair and fingernails. This is possible due to the keratin found in it.
  23. Some falcons can fly hundreds of kilometers in search of their food.
  24. Some falcons have short wings and long tails, which allow them to fly freely for prey in the narrow confines of the forest. While some falcons have broad wings and short tails, which enable them to fly high over open fields and water.
  25. Falcons are carnivores. This means that they consume only meat. They get their food by hunting. Their prey includes fish, rabbits, squirrels, rats, and sometimes slow-flying birds, reptiles, mongooses, foxes, and even deer. Some species of falcon eat already dead fish and animals.
  26. Like all raptors, falcons have large curved beaks, strong muscular legs, and powerful nails to gnaw through the flesh of their prey.
  27. Like all raptors, they kill their prey with their nails. The strike rate of a hawk’s nail is twice that of a rifle bullet.
  28. The falcon does not need to eat every day. They have a special digestive organ called “crop”. The falcon can store a large amount of food in it. This food comes in handy at a time when the availability of food is less.
  29. Generally, hawks do not migrate from one place to another. They use the same nest every year. Like the Bald Eagles of the Maritime provinces of New England and Canada live in the same place. Northern Canadian hawks migrate south to escape the cold and return in the summer. Whether or not a hawk will usually migrate depends on how old it is and how much food is available in the place it is living in.
  30. Falcons usually build their nests on tall trees and high cliffs, which are called “Eyries”. Both males and females build a nest together. Falcon’s nests are very large in size. They can be 5 to 6 feet deep and 2 to 4 feet in width.
  31. The nests of some falcons found in Scandinavia are so large that their weight makes them fall to the tree.
  32. Many species of falcon lay one to three eggs. Both males and females incubate the eggs. But the female usually spends more time incubating the eggs than the male.
  33. It takes 35 days for the chicks to come out of the falcon’s eggs. A young falcon is called an “eaglet”. The older falcons later kill the other hatchlings.
  34. Falcons develop very fast. Within 6 weeks of birth, their weight increases by 3 to 4 kg.
  35. At the time of birth, the feathers of the falcon are gray in color. They do not have brown and white feathers until they are 4 years old.
  36. It takes years for hawks to fully grow their nails.
  37. Golden eagles can fly through the air at a maximum speed of 320 km/h (200 mph).
  38. The Bald Eagle has the record of flying the highest weight among any flying birds. It took off carrying a 6.8 kg (15 lb) deer cub.
  39. The largest prey by the falcon was the Duiker Deer, which weighed 37 kg, which was 7–8 times more than the martial eagle that killed it.
  40. Falcons are monogamous (having one mate). They mate with only one partner throughout their life.
  41. Bald Eagles can mate even while flying.
  42. While in flight, Bald Eagles sometimes grab each other’s feet and roll around while falling to the ground. Scientists have no idea why they do this. But it could be a courtship bug or a fight. Usually, a pair of Bald Eagles separates before hitting the ground. But sometimes they hold each other’s feet tightly and do not let go of each other. In one sentence, two male Bald Eagles had stuck their nails and fell on the ground in the same condition. Later one of them ran away. Another injury was treated.
  43. Bald eagles can even swim in the sea. They use the sides of their huge wings to swim. Their bones are hollow and swollen at the bottom, which helps them to swim in the water. When high-flying hawks pounce on heavy fish in water, they swim in the water to bring them to the shore due to its heavyweight.
  44. It is believed that 1400 years ago, there used to be a giant falcon in New Zealand. Their wingspan was up to 9.8 feet (3 m).
  45. Eagles kill mountain goats by dropping them from a high peak.
  46. Falcons have 7000 feathers on either side of their wings, which is 5% of their body mass.
  47. The wings of a falcon have more strength, power and strength than the wings of an airplane.
  48. When bald eagles drop even one feather of their wing on one side, they drop one feather from the other side to maintain their balance.
  49. Whenever you hear the sound of a bald eagle on TV, you are actually hearing the sound of a red-tailed hawk. The sound of a bald eagle is actually like a chirp.
  50. In many countries, the falcon is considered a ‘symbol of good luck. For this reason, it has been given a place in the flags of many countries.
  51. The Desert Eagle is not used by any military or law enforcement agency.
  52. The Bald Eagle was declared endangered in 1967. After 50 years in 2007, it was removed from the list of endangered and put on the list of protected. There are currently less than 500 falcons left.
  53. The 29-year-old named Challenger was the first Bald Eagle in history to be trained to free-fly in major league sports stadiums while playing the national anthem.
  54. Salmon fishermen of Alaska feared that Bald Eagle was a threat to them. As a result, approximately 100,000 Bald Eagles were killed from 1917 to 1953.
  55. The falcon has been used many times in the police and army.
  56. An Australian wedge-tailed eagle named Courage II was a corporal in the Australian Army. When she refused to cooperate, he was accused of being absent without permission.
  57. There is a National Eagle Repository in Colorado, where dead Bald Eagle and Golden Eagles are sent. Then their parts are redistributed to Native American tribes for ceremonial purposes.
  58. In the US, if you find a bald eagle feather lying on the ground, you will need permission to pick it up.
  59. Falcon feathers are in great demand in North America. But falcon hunting is illegal there.
  60. It is illegal to chase, shoot, poison, injure, kill, capture, trap, or harass a bald eagle in the United States.
  61. The Dutch police force is training eagles to counter drones.
  62. In Greece, Golden Eagles eat turtles. They catch the turtle and fly high and drop it on the rocks to break its hard shell.
  63. Burkitshi, a nomadic hunter of Mongolia, captures a four-year-old golden eagle and trains it to be a companion in hunting. For ten years, they live and sleep with the golden eagle, and then leave it in the forest before its death.

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60 Interesting Facts About the Falcon & Bird