About Psychoanalysis, Sigmund Freud

About Psychoanalysis, Sigmund FreudPsychoanalysis (Psychoanalysis), Austrian psychologist Sigmund Freud developed a set of psychological ideas (measures) which other psychologists also contribute further. Psychoanalysis is mainly concerned with the study of the mental actions and behaviors of human beings but it can also be applied to societies.

Psychoanalysis has three uses:

  1. It provides the method of examination of the brain ;
  2. It provides a systematic set of theories related to human behavior; and
  3. It suggests remedies for the treatment of psychological or emotional diseases.

Sigmund Freud Theory

you’re sharing with all of Sigmund Freud is the first psychologist who considered fixed elements of human behavior original trends. Freud’s ideas of personality are also called the theory of psychosexual development. Along with this, Sigmund Freud has given two types of basic tendencies. 

Sigmund Freud’s Psychoanalytic Theory

Exponent –  Sigmund Freud

 Resident –   Austria (Vienna) 1856-1939

 This theory was given by Sigmund Freud, to explain his theory, he gave three levels of mind which are as follows. 

1. Conscious Mind ( 10%),1\10 part

2. Semi-conscious mind

3. Unconscious Mind (90%),9\10 Part

(1) Conscious Mind-  This mind is related to the present. 

(2) Semi-conscious mind – A mind in which it does not remember anything even after remembering, but when more emphasis is placed on the mind then it (anything) is remembered. 

(3) Unconscious mind – The mind which is not in consciousness, it is a storehouse of unhappy, conceited desires. Based on the mind, Freud divided personality into three parts. 

1. Id

2. Ego

3. Superego

  • Id Happiness is based on the principle. 
  •  It is connected with the unconscious mind. 
  •  Sex instinct is the greatest pleasure. 
  •  Idam is associated with lateral tendencies. 
  •  Id, Ego is controlled by Ego. 
  1. Ego
  •  It is based on reality. 
  •  It is associated with the semi-conscious mind. 
  •  It knows right and wrong. 
  •  It belongs to the humanist. 
  1. Super ego
  • This is an idealistic principle. 
  •  It controls on Id and Ego. 
  •  It is completely based on socialism and morality. 
  •  It is connected with the conscious mind. There is a divine nature in this. 

 Sigmund Freud has given two types of basic tendencies. 

(1) Life instinct – It motivates now to gather the means to live. It represents both the physical and mental aspects of the basic instinct of life. It includes Kama, Lust, Hunger, Vyasa.

(2) Death instinct- This basic instinct is also called hatred root instinct. It is related to destruction. This basic instinct works opposite to the basic instinct of life. In this, a person can do aggressive and destructive work. This is called Thanatos by Pride.  

comparing the mind to ice

Freud compared the mind to ice. For example, if ice is put in water, 90% of it remains in the water and 10% remains outside.

  •  90% Part – Unconscious – Unconscious
  •  10% Part – Chetan – Couscious

The state between the conscious and the unconscious is semi-conscious. Freud’s idea of ​​personality is also called the theory of psychosexual development. Freud has divided it into 5 stages which are as follows. 

1. Oral stage – from  birth to 1 year

2. Anal stage –  2 to 3 years

3. Sexual stage-  4 to 5 years

4. Dormant stage – 6 to 12 years

5. Parental stage –  12 to 20 years 

Introduction of Psychoanalysis

About Psychoanalysis,  Sigmund Freud

Psychoanalysis was founded by Sigmund Freud as a method of dealing with psychopaths and as an intellectual discipline. Psychoanalysis has a profound impact on many disciplines of sociology. Women studies, cinema studies, and literary studies have incorporated many nuances into their disciplines using the principle of psychoanalysis. Psychoanalytic feminism is a branch of feminism known as. Freud thought that the human subconscious can be understood by dividing it into different parts, in the same way, that a chemical is analyzed in the laboratory. The theory of the subconscious is based on the belief that humans are not aware of a part of their brain by themselves. his expression of his dreams, Speaking while speaking occurs in the form of slipping off the tongue and other physical ailments. In the 1880s, together with Josef Breuer, a Vienna physician, Freud treated a woman named Bertha Pappenheim for hysteria. Bertha is also known by her pseudonym ‘Anna O’ in the history of psychology. Soon Freud had a disagreement with Beur on the question of the role of sexuality in the hysteria. Freud was convinced that trauma could be quite sexual. His findings, obtained while treating other similar patients, were published in 1895 as Studies in Hysteria. Freud described hysteria as a mental shock that the patient keeps suppressing. Psychoanalysis reminds the patient of the shock. The credit for further development of the theory of psychoanalysis after Freud goes to Jacques Lacan. The publication appeared in 1895 as Studies in Hysteria. Freud described hysteria as a mental shock that the patient keeps suppressing. Psychoanalysis reminds the patient of the shock. After Freud, the credit for the further development of the theory of psychoanalysis goes to Jacques Lacan. The publication appeared in 1895 as Studies in Hysteria. Freud described hysteria as a mental shock that the patient keeps suppressing. Psychoanalysis reminds the patient of the shock. After Freud, the credit for the further development of the theory of psychoanalysis goes to Jacques Lacan.

Subconscious theory 

Freud’s psychoanalysis 

Freud believed that human beings suppress the feeling of suffering when they fail to fulfill their desires, sexual desires, and needs. In the process, he develops guilt for unfulfilled desires, leading to frustration, self-criticism, and, to a lesser extent, feelings of self-deprecation and self-loathing. All this work-business goes on within the subconscious. This subconscious is not always suppressed and manifests itself in the form of dreams or spontaneous or unreasonable responses to events (such as speeding up a car or getting angry at a family member).

Let us divide it into ego i.e. ego and super-ego. He has divided the ego into two forms that give rise to realism and self-delusion. The mediation of the realistic ego regulates the equation of sex and reality that pushes towards happiness. Under the influence of this, along with fulfilling his desires, the person also tries to live up to the social expectations. The status of the paraAham is like that of the parent in the mind and it rules over the sex element and the ego. This para-ego leads the child to accept the authority of his father. In this effect, the desire of the son to attain the mother is suppressed so that in this process he can become as empowered as the father. Patriarchy arises out of this sequence. According to Freud’s interpretation, it is necessary to break the imaginary thread between the son and the mother in order to join the diverse relationship with life and the world, and this role Comes to the father’s share. Under the intervention of the father, the son has to give up his sexual desire for the mother. He sees that the father has a penis which the mother does not have. He fears that if he violates the authority of his father, he may have to be castrated like his mother. Castration anxiety leads to the birth of a crisis called matriarchy, another important formulation of Freud. The crisis of the maternal gland leads the son to abandon the mother. Freud has termed this denial of his unspoken sexual desire for the mother as primitive self-suppression. This episode of self-suppression lays the foundation of the subconscious in the psyche of a person. If the authority is violated, then he may also have to be castrated like the mother. Castration anxiety leads to the birth of a crisis called matriarchy, another important formulation of Freud. The crisis of the maternal gland leads the son to abandon the mother. Freud has termed this denial of his unspoken sexual desire for the mother as primitive self-suppression. This episode of self-suppression lays the foundation of the subconscious in the psyche of a person. If the authority is violated, then he may also have to be castrated like the mother. Castration anxiety leads to the birth of a crisis called matriarchy, another important formulation of Freud. The crisis of the maternal gland leads the son to abandon the mother. Freud has termed this denial of his unspoken sexual desire for the mother as primitive self-suppression. This episode of self-suppression lays the foundation of the subconscious in the psyche of a person.

Lacan’s psychoanalysis 

Izaak Lankan visiting the psychoanalysis promoted by Freud, moving it out of the realm of sexual desire and revering it in the realm of language. At the same time, he gave a better explanation of the ego that gives rise to narcissism, whereas Freud did not pay much attention to this aspect. Lacan observed that according to Freud, the child reaches the age of speaking when he is a victim of the mammary gland. That is, when the foundation of his subconscious is being laid on the basis of primitive self-suppression, At that time his steps as a doer fall in the realm of language. This is the moment when the child becomes aware of the birth and suppression of desire through language. Since the wish can never be fulfilled, he keeps on searching for his lost thing throughout his life as a mother. Lakan has outlined the role of mirror-image to break the bond of son and mother. He realizes his difference with his mother by looking at himself in the mirror i.e. while being interviewed by his own image. At the time of reaching this stage, the child has already entered the symbolic world of language under the influence of the rules made by the father. This process of going from imagery to symbolism occurs in a sequence of three crucial moments according to Lakan.

About Psychoanalysis, Sigmund Freud
  1. mirror-image phase,
  2. the stage of entry into the language and
  3. Then the period of the crisis of the maternal gland.

Between the age of six months to one and a half years, when the mother shows the mirror to the child, he recognizes himself separately and becomes acquainted with his integrated and separate existence. Lucky considers this to be the beginning of the moment of self-delusion, that is, at this place, the self-delusional type of ego is born and the body becomes the object of love. But at this very moment, another incident happens. Finding himself different from his mother, he thinks of two things. First, it is me and second, I am not one with mother but other. This is where the feeling of alienation takes birth. The image that the child sees in the mirror is its pointer. The first image is not its identity but its substitute image. This is why the mirror-image phase, explains Lakan, constitutes the beginning of the development of the ego, but it is based on an understanding that is not realistic.

There is a lot of debate in the world of psychoanalysis whether the psyche of a psychopath can be accessed through conversation. Is there no resistance within the psychopath to questioning by the psychiatrist? At the heart of the differences that have arisen in the process of seeking answers to these questions are issues related to maternal endometrial and infant sexuality. Psychoanalysts who attach importance to mania as a psychopath tend to give a little more importance to the moment of birth of the mare, while those analyzing schizophrenia (schizophrenia) give it less priority.

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About Psychoanalysis, Sigmund Freud