How People With Eating Disorders Are Helped In Psychology?

How People With Eating Disorders Are Helped In Psychology?

This is how psychotherapy works to help people with eating disorders.

Eating disorders are among the most dangerous psychopathologies, and that is why at the first sign that their symptoms are present in a person, it is urgent to go to therapy.

Now … What is psychotherapy applied to cases of eating disorders? In this article, you will find a summary of that.

How People With Eating Disorders Are Helped In Psychology?

What are eating disorders?

As its name suggests, eating disorders are pathologies linked to a dysfunctional pattern of behavior in relation to the way of eating. They can be reflected both in an over-intake of food and in a lack of nutrition, or even in the tendency to eat what is not due.

Thus, eating disorders are very serious psychological disorders that must be intervened as soon as possible in therapy, since they can lead to death in the medium and long term. These are not purely physical diseases related to nutrition (that is, the way in which the body extracts nutrients from what is ingested, but is based on psychological processes prior to digestion, which causes the person to develop a problematic relationship with the food.

All eating disorders have in common that those who develop them internalize dysfunctional behavior patterns that wear down their health and quality of life, and over which they feel they have no control.

In fact, it is common for people with these psychopathologies to not even recognize that they have a problem, ensuring that everything they do is perfectly deliberate and obeys their most honest aspirations.

There are even extreme cases in which people identify these disorders as part of their identity and way of being, so they believe that putting a brake on it would imply “betraying” themselves. For this reason, a phenomenon similar to anosognosia appears, the fact that many people with neurological disorders, due to having developed them, are not able to realize them and are not aware that these symptoms are affecting and harming them. However, unlike what happens in these cases, eating disorders are not triggered by a neurological alteration but by a set of psychological variables, which distort the person’s self-concept and their way of assessing what is convenient and what is good for them. not.

Main types of eating disorders

Diagnostic manuals are not limited to talking about eating disorders in general terms, but also describe different variants of these psychopathologies. Each of them has its own associated symptoms, although in all of them there is an alteration of mental health that in turn generates physical health problems that can be very severe.

The main eating disorders are as follows.

1. Anorexia

Anorexia is characterized by constant avoidance of food intake, limiting it to a minimum to a point where death from malnutrition can occur.

It is very common for people with anorexia to perceive themselves as being overweight, despite being very thin. This is a psychological disorder with a very high mortality rate, so it must be treated urgently.ment”

2. Binge eating disorder

In binge eating disorder, the person feels the uncontrollable urge to binge on food even without being hungry. This can lead to overweight or malnutrition since foods rich in carbohydrates and/or fats are favored.

3. Bulimia

Bulimia is a condition similar to binge eating disorder. However, in this case, the symptoms include a strong feeling of guilt after binge eating, and regret for having eaten too much without needing it, which leads to purging behaviors such as self-induced vomiting, to try to “compensate”.

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How People With Eating Disorders Are Helped In Psychology?