Sternberg’s Triarchic Theory of Intelligence

In this post, we (Sternberg’s triarchic theory of Intelligence) theory Tritntr of Sternberg Tritntr theory of mind was to study which propounded by Robert J. Strnwarg in 1985. Sternberg has explained the three types of intelligence through three sub-theories.

Trinity theory of intelligence 

 Exporter – Robert J. Sternberg (1985)

Robert J. Sternberg worked on human intelligence. He challenged the human IQ and said that it is not necessary that a person whose  IQ level is low cannot be successful in his life. And it is also not necessary that a person who has a good IQ level is definitely successful in his life. The success of a successful intelligent person depends on his intelligence. There are three types of intelligence in every person. He can achieve success in the field of any type of intelligence out of the three types. Due to the description of the three bits of intelligence, this theory is named Sternberg’s triarchic theory of intelligence. Sternberg himself has explained intelligence in this theory. He has explained the three types of intelligence through three sub principles. 

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Trinity theory 

1. Componential Subtheory

Analytical Intelligence

 It consists of three components

(1) Meta component –  It enables the person to problem solve and plan. 

(2) Performance component –  When a person makes plans to solve a problem, this component helps in implementing those plans.  

(3) Knowledge acquisition components – This component is used in acquiring new information, in abstract thinking. 

2. Experimental intelligence 

♦ creative intelligence (Creative Intelligence):  There are 2 parts in creative Wisdom

(1)  Novelty –  It is related to the ability of a person to tackle the problem for the first time. 

(2)  Automation –  It is related to the ability of a person to perform repetitive tasks automatically.  Example- You  can understand with some questions

1. How quickly do you solve new problems. 

2. Have Bays use new skills on their own. to solve the problem

 Example- James Bond used to use his knowledge and skills to tackle new problems all the time. He possesses creative intelligence. 

3. Contertual Subtheory

Practical Intelligence:  There are 3 parts in practical intelligence. 

 (1) Adaptation – The person does not remember the environment, tries to adapt, by bringing changes in himself accordingly to deal with the problem. 

 (2) Selection –  When a person comes to a completely new environment, he thinks about how to change the old environment according to the new environment. 

 (3) Shaping –   During this, the person does not bring any change in himself, rather he changes the environment according to himself. 

In simple words, practical intelligence is used to solve problems in everyday tasks like home, job, market.

 This intelligence can be analyzed with a few questions. 

1. Can the person be taken advantage of easily?

2. Can he adjust well to the world around him?

Sternberg’s Triarchic Theory of Intelligence