What is clinical psychology?

Clinical psychology is the branch of psychology that is responsible for research, assessment, diagnosis, treatment, prognosis, and rehabilitation of all issues affecting mental health and can cause discomfort or pain in people.

Clinical psychology studies the elements that have some type of incidence in mental disorders or maladaptive behavior of people with the aim of restoring their psychological balance.

The origins of clinical psychology date back to 1896 with Lightner Witmer in the first decades of the 20th century, with psychotherapy and psychological counseling being two of the most important practices in this discipline.

What diseases does clinical psychology treat?

The psychological symptoms that clinical psychology can manage or work on are various. Among them, you can find somatic disorders, psychological disorders, and behavioral disorders. Some of the diseases that clinical psychology encompasses are elements that develop within Psychology itself. Some of the main problems that clinical psychology deals with are:

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What subspecialties are there within clinical psychology?

Throughout its history, clinical psychology has developed little by little encompassing different areas within Psychology. Some of the studies

  • Social psychology
  • Psychopathology
  • Family and couple psychology
  • Child-adolescent clinical psychology
  • Psychotherapy
  • Adult clinical psychology
  • Psychological evaluation
  • Clinical neuropsychology
  • Neuropsychological rehabilitation
  • Community psychology
  • Psychosociology
  • Psychoneuroimmunology

When to go to the clinical psychologist?

The main difference between the Clinical Psychologist and the Psychologist is that the former, upon completing their degree, must access the Public Health System through the PIR, a kind of MIR in which the Psychologist specializes by receiving hospital training in the field of Mental health.

Thus, the clinical psychologist is the one dedicated to the diagnosis and treatment of mental disorders when the action of other professionals is necessary. The clinical psychologist develops his work in the health field since he is in contact with patients who require hospitalization.


What is clinical psychology?