What is Cognitive psychology? Father of cognitive psychology and Uses

What is Cognitive psychology?

Cognitive psychology is the study of mental processes such as attention, language use, memory, perception, problem-solving, and thinking. Much of the work of cognitive psychology has been integrated into various other modern disciplines of psychological study—social psychology, personality psychology, abnormal psychology, developmental psychology, educational psychology, and economics.

Who is the father of cognitive psychology?

The term ‘cognitive psychology‘ was used by Gustav Neisser in his book ‘Cognitive Psychology’ in 1967 AD. Cognitive development emphasizes how humans receive and respond to facts.

Uses of cognitive psychology

What is Cognitive psychology? Father of cognitive psychology and Uses

Distorted psychology 

After the cognitive revolution and as a result of many theoretic discoveries in the field of cognitive psychology, the discipline of cognitive therapy developed. Aaron T. Beck is generally regarded as the father of cognitive therapy. His work in the field of depression detection and treatment has gained worldwide fame. In his book “The Cognitive Therapy of Depression” published in 1987, Beck made three key points as an argument for treating depression with therapy or therapy and antidepressants, rather than a ‘drug only’ approach.

  1. Despite the prevalent use of antidepressants, the fact is that not all patients respond positively. Beck states (in 1987) that only 60 to 65% of patients report a positive effect of antidepressants, and a modern-day broad-based analysis (after a statistical analysis of several studies) shows similar results. .
  2.  Many people who respond positively to antidepressants stop taking the drug for a variety of reasons. Their reason for doing so could be either other side effects of the drug, or a personal objection.
  3.  Beck states that drugs may ultimately cause a breakdown of the patient’s inner coping power. Their theory is that it makes the patient dependent on drugs to improve mood and that the patient generally fails to practice techniques that are used by healthy individuals to reduce the effects of depressive symptoms. It takes practice to come out. Once the patient has stopped the antidepressant after failing, he is often unable to cope with normal levels of depressed mood and feel motivated to resume use of antidepressants. 

social psychology Many aspects of modern social psychology have their roots in research done in the field of cognitive psychology. Social cognition is a sub-category of cognitive psychology that pays special attention to the methods of cognitive psychology. Especially when applying it to the human code of conduct. Gordon B. Moskovitz defines social cognition as “…, the study of mental processes that are used to understand, meet, remember, think, and make sense of people in our social world”.

The development of several social information processing models (SIPs) has been influential in the study of aggressive and antisocial behavior. Kenneth Dodge’s sip model is supported in most experiences related to aggression. In his research, Dodge states that children who have a greater ability to evaluate social information often exhibit higher status accepted social behavior. His model suggests that there are five stages a person goes through when evaluating interactions (behaviors) with other individuals and how that person interprets those cues is critical to the reactionary process.

Cognitive science vs cognitive psychology

The line between cognitive psychology and cognitive science can be quite blurry. The difference between the two may be better understood in terms of ‘applied psychology’ relation to the cognitive abnormal and their psychological processes. Cognitive psychologists often engage in psychological experiments in which they aim to learn how the minds of human participants take in information from the outside world, observe it, and perform processes on that information. This information is often used in the field of clinical psychology. A paradigm of cognitive psychology derived in this way is that each individual develops a schema that prompts him or her to think or act in particular ways to cope with or in particular situations. for example, Most people have a schema of waiting in a queue. For any service where people are standing in a queue at the window, the visitor does not spontaneously come and stand at the forefront. But in that case their schema tells them to stand behind everyone else in the queue. Sometimes a person may develop a faulty schema that forces him to continuously react in a dysfunctional manner. These types of results are considered abnormal or distorted psychology. If a person has the schema that “I’m not good at making friends”, then he may be so reluctant to pursue interpersonal relationships that he may be at risk of a ‘living habit’.

What is Cognitive psychology? Father of cognitive psychology and Uses

The visitor does not suddenly come and stand in the forefront. But in that case, their schema tells them to stand behind everyone else in the queue. Sometimes a person may develop a faulty schema that forces him to react recklessly continuously. These types of results are considered abnormal or distorted psychology. If a person has the schema that “I’m not good at making friends”, then he may be so reluctant to pursue interpersonal relationships that he may be at risk of a ‘living habit’. The visitor does not suddenly come and stand in the forefront. But in that case, their schema tells them to stand behind everyone else in the queue. Sometimes a person may develop a faulty schema that forces him to continuously react in a dysfunctional manner. These types of results are considered abnormal or distorted psychology. If a person has the schema that “I’m not good at making friends”, then he may be so reluctant to pursue interpersonal relationships that he may be at risk of a ‘living habit’.

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What is Cognitive psychology? Father of cognitive psychology and Uses